Can Electrical Resistance Be Used To Predict Shielding Effectiveness?
Conductive elastomer EMI shielding gaskets use metallic particles to create a conductive path and shield enclosures from electromagnetic radiation. A key measurement of these gaskets is Electrical Volume Resistivity. Gaskets that have a lower DC resistivity generally indicate a more conductive particle. In many cases, this lower resistance / higher conductivity is associated with better levels of shielding effectiveness. This explains why gaskets with silver particles, which are very conductive, often out-perform gaskets with graphite particles. However, this is not always the case.
A common misconception is that a measurement of DC resistivity can directly predict shielding effectiveness. Over the years, material science evolution has proven that EMI gaskets with higher DC resistance can produce higher levels of shielding effectiveness in some cases compared to gaskets with low measured DC resistance.
How can that be possible, a conductive elastomer EMI gasket with 20x greater DC resistivity that actually has a HIGHER shielding effectiveness? Well, that's because there are many factors that have an impact on shielding effectiveness of a conductive elastomer EMI gasket and the volume resistivity value is only one. Other aspects of EMI gasket material and enclosure seam design which can effect shielding effectiveness are as follows:
Particle morphology – size and shape – ability to bite through conversion coatings
Elemental composition of the particle – i.e. permeability, absorption properties
Elemental composition of the plating on the particle – i.e. permeability, absorption properties
Compounding control and filler loading %
EMI gasket surface conductivity and volume resistivity
EMI gasket geometry
EMI gasket footprint contact size on mating surfaces
This article was produced by Parker Chomerics. JHC Specialised Solutions are the exclusive authorised distributor for Parker Chomerics in Australia and New Zealand. Should you require any further information or wish to discuss a customised solution for your application, please contact JHC on +61 2 9531 7905 or firstname.lastname@example.org